P.B.S.– 2



    Time Allowed : Three Hours

    (Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions) There are FOURTEEN questions divided in two Sections printed in ENGLISH only.
    All questions are compulsory.
    The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.

    Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.

    Answer questions in NOT MORE than the word limit specified for each in the parenthesis. Content of the answer is more important than its length.

    PART – A

    1. Answer the following:

      1. What do you understand by essence of ethics? Describe the role of ethics in private and public relationships. (10 marks, 150 words)

      2. Explain the following in reference to the foundational values of civil servants. (10 marks, 150 words)

        1. Probity

        2. Fairness

        3. Full disclosure

        4. Selflessness

    2. Answer the following:

      1. Explain the dilemmas faced by government servants in the day to day functioning (10 marks, 150 words)

      2. Some people feel, adhering to legal systems is sufficient to remain ethical, do you agree? Explain your reasoning. (10 marks, 150 words)

    3. Answer the following:

      1. Explain meaning of Social Media and Yellow Journalism. (10 marks, 150 words)

      2. What are the causes of corruption in government and how does one eradicate it?page1image30312 page1image30896

             (10 marks, 150 words)
    1. Answer the following:

      1. It was a violation if information was shared, now it is a violation if information is not shared. Comment on this statement. (10 marks, 150 words)

      2. Between Section 4 and Section 8 of RTI Act 2005, which one furthers the objective of good governance? Give reasons. (10 marks, 150 words)

    2. Bring out the relevance of the following quotes in the present context. (20 marks, 150 words each)

      1. “In looking for people to hire, you look for three qualities: integrity, intelligence, and energy. And if they don't have the first, the other two will kill you." - Warren Buffet, CEO, Berkshire Hathaway

      2. I am different from George Washington; I have a higher grander standard of principle. Washington could not lie. I can lie, but I won’t”.

    3. What is ‘emotional intelligenceand how can it be developed in people? How does it help an individual in taking ethical decisions? (10 marks, 150 words)

    4. Discuss the role played by family and society in formation of attitudes. The attitude of Indian society towards Sati ritual has changed over time. In your opinion, what is the one issue of current times towards which the attitudes of Indians has to change, reason out your answer in detail. (10 marks, 250 words)

    5. What do you understand by the word “Manufacturing Consent”? Explain this in the context of ethical issues in the Media. (10 marks, 150 words)

      PART - B

      In the following questions, carefully study the cases presented and then answer the questions that follow:

    6. A Public Information Officer has received an application under RTI Act. Having gathered the information, the PIO discovers that the information pertains to some of the decisions taken by him, which were found to be not altogether right. There were other employees also who party to these decisions were. Disclosure of the information is likely to lead to disciplinary action with the possibility of punishment against him as well as some of his colleagues. Non-disclosure or part disclosure or camouflaged disclosure of information will result in lesser punishment or no punishment.

      The PIO is otherwise an honest and conscientious person, but this particular decision, on which the RTI application has been filed, turned out to be wrong. He comes to you for advice.

      The following are some suggested options. Please evaluate the merits and demerits of each of the options:

      1. The PIO could refer the matter to his superior officer and seek his advice and act strictly in accordance with the advice, even though he is not completely in agreement with the advice of the superior.

    1. The PIO could proceed on leave and leave the matter to be dealt by his successor in office or request for transfer of the application to another PIO.

    2. The PIO could weigh the consequences of disclosing the information truthfully, including the effect on his career, and reply in a manner that would not place him or his career in jeopardy, but at the same time a little compromise can be made on the contents of the information.

    3. The PIO could consult his other colleagues who are party to the decision and take action as per their advice.

    Also, please indicate (without necessarily restricting to the above options) what you would like to advise, giving proper reasons. (20 marks, 250 words)

    1. You are heading a leading technical institute of the country. The institute is planning to convene an interview panel shortly under your chairmanship for selection of the post of professors. A few days before the interview, you get a call from the Personal Secretary (PS) of a senior government functionary seeking your intervention in favour of the selection of a close relative of the functionary for this post. The PS also informs you that he is aware of the long pending and urgent proposals of your institute for grant of funds for modernization, which are awaiting the functionary’s approval. He assures you that he would get these proposals cleared. (20 marks, 250 words)

      1. What are the options available to you?

      2. Evaluate each of these options and choose the option which you would adopt, giving reasons.

    2. As a senior officer in the Ministry, you have access to some confidential and crucial information about policy decisions that the Government is about to announce. These decisions are likely to have far-reaching impact on the housing and construction industry. If the builders have access to this information beforehand, they can make huge profits. One of the builders has done a lot of quality work of the Government and is known to be close to your immediate superior, who asks you to disclose this information to the said builder. (20 marks, 250 words)

      1. What are the options available to you?

      2. Evaluate each of these options and choose the option, which you would adopt, giving reasons.

    3. You are a CEO of newly formed television channel that is trying to establish its business in the competitive media house market. You are well meaning and generally a person of conscience. Due to crop failure, a group of villagers had planned to block a national highway as a protest and demanding waiver of unpaid loans. Your team, the TV media that had visited the village in the morning had sent footage of several villagers marching towards the road, however, due to the intervention of local district authorities they had deferred the blockade. But by afternoon you learn that couple of trucks on the highway have been stopped and set fire. Your team at the field now captures the burning trucks and send the visuals to the studio, however it is not certain who were the perpetrators. (20 marks, 250 words)


    As CEO you have two options

    1. Carry out the news with the clipping of both the events and gain foothold in the industry.

    2. Carry the news with footage of the burning trucks, but without the earlier footage of the farmers as it is not certain if it’s the same set of people who had set the trucks. If this option is exercised, viewer rating may not improve and thereby the chance of getting recognition in the channel will be lost.

    Evaluate both the options from the Media ethics perspective and give reasons for choosing one over the other or even choosing a third option.

    1. The government has embarked on mission programme of establishing 7 million rural gas connections by 2020. You as an officer of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas go on an inspection to assess the ground situation. You are surprised to find out that despite the subsidy provided in the gas supply, the off take is very low and it is very unlikely the target set by the government will be achieved. On deeper inquiry you figure out that all the agencies that are supposed to provide the connections are not venturing into the rural areas as it is logistically difficult and financially not profitable. Instead, they are diverting the subsidized cylinders into the black market and making large illegal profits. The marketing officers of the PSU’s who are supposed to go into the villages and spread the awareness of the gas connectivity and subsidy are bribed by the gas agencies every month to refrain from doing marketing.

      On returning to HQ you have to file your report. Detail all the points that have to be covered in the report including the suggestions. (20 marks, 250 words)

    2. As an Executive Engineer of the water works department, Mr. Rajan has an issue at hand dealing with the staff under him. He has to write the Annual Performance Report of two Section Engineers working under him. Under his charge are two divisions both of which are very important locations in the city. One division has the houses of all important government officers and the other one is a rich locality. Incidentally Mr. Rajan receives several complaints from the first division, while there are no complaints from the second division. On investigation, he finds out that the Section Engineer of the second division Mr. White, is very efficient and ensures water supply to the second division without any interruption. Even in cases whenever there is a complaint, it does not reach the Executive Engineer. He is, however, known for accepting favors, both in cash and kind. On the other hand Mr. Gray the Section Engineer in charge of the first division is very upright, rule bound man. He neither breaks the rules, nor indulges in any illegal acts. Since he works by the rule book, it takes time for him to comply with the service complaints, hence several complaints get generated in his division.

      Now, going by the record, Mr. Gray has more complains as against Mr. White. But it is also true that Mr. Gray is very upright in his working, and incidentally there is no documentary proof against Mr. White. Mr. Rajan understands, whatever he writes in the APR will be the basis for the Section Engineers next promotion. Can you suggest to Mr. Rajan, his next course of action? (20 Marks, 250 words)


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