• ETHICS

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    P.B.S. –1

    GENERAL STUDIES (PAPER-IV) PBS – I

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    Time Allowed : Three Hours

    Maximum Marks : 250

    Date 26 Nov 2016

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    QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS

    (Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions) There are FOURTEEN questions divided in two Sections printed in ENGLISH only.
    All questions are compulsory.
    The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.

    Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.

    Answer questions in NOT MORE than the word limit specified for each in the parenthesis. Content of the answer is more important than its length.

    PART – A

    1. Answer the following:

    1. Explain the domain of ethics in Human actions. How do ethics relate to areas of Codified laws and Free Choice? Illustrate the relationship with an example. (10 marks, 150 words)

    2. Explain the following in reference to the foundational values of civil servants. (10 marks, 200 words).

    I. Conflict of interest II. Objectivity

    III. Accountability IV . Impartiality

    2. Bring out the relevance of the following quotes in the present context. (20 marks, 150 words each)

    a. “Corruption equals monopoly plus discretion minus accountability” - Robert Klitgard

    b. “Whatever is my right as a man is also the right of another; and it becomes my duty to guarantee as well as to possess.” - Thomas Paine 

     

    3. Answer the following:

    1. Explain the meaning of the word “Ethical Dilemma” with a couple of examples. (10 marks, 150 words)

    2. List a few of the dilemmas faced by the government servants in the day to day working. (10 marks, 150 words)

    1. Answer the following

      1. Bring out the moral essence in the Seven Social Sins of Mahatma Gandhi and the Three Wise Monkeys. (10 marks, 150 words)

      2. Discuss the magnitude of corruption in the government and in the corporate world. (10 marks, 150 words)

    2. Answer the following

      1. Distinguish between “in the public interest” and “of the public interest” in the context of ethical code of conduct for journalists. Illustrate your answer with an example for each. (10 marks, 150 words)

      2. What are the basic principles of the Ethical Code of conduct for journalists and how do they relate to the present day social media? (10 marks, 150 words)

    3. How can a government functionary effectively use the concept of Emotional Intelligence in administration and governance? Illustrate by an example. (10 marks, 150 words)

    4. What do you understand by Integrity in public life? It is often said discharging duty with absolute integrity is very difficult; hence it pays to be practical and flow with the trend. Do you agree with this statement? Give ethical reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with it. (10 marks, 150 words)

    5. It is said that high levels of corruption in public services in India are largely because of bureaucracy that is tardy, inefficient, and unresponsive. Discuss how the strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance will reduce corruption. (10 marks, 150 words)

      PART - B

      In the following questions, carefully study the cases presented and answer the questions that follow:

    6. You are a hard working, disciplined person coming from a poor background. You have struggled many years after graduation looking for employment. During this time you were overlooked to accommodate lesser-qualified candidates who had connections and influence. Finally, you get through the state civil service exam. After the initial years of service, you are now posted as a deputy secretary in the education department. Under your charge, a notification for recruitment of primary school teachers is issued. The Sarpanch of your village comes to you with a request to help recruit about ten youngsters from your village and surrounding areas who are unemployed and have no source of livelihood other than manual labour. He requests you to help these youngsters to secure the teacher's job. The Sarpanch is a kind man who had helped you monetarily and motivated you during your struggling years. At the same time, you also receive a slip with a list of ten names that your minister wants you to select as teachers.

    7. How would you resolve this issue? What action, would you take and why? Give justification for the action proposed. (20 marks, 250 words)

      1. Sameer is a probationer at a Government PSU where he works within a team of four other probationers; they all report to the Divisional Manager. Sameer notices that Divisional Manager has different approaches in dealing with male and female probationers. He generally sends Sameer and other male probationers on field projects, which are difficult and time consuming and Meghana is never sent to such projects. However, even Meghana is not happy with this extra attention, she is also worried that, apart from the discomfort of working alone with the Divisional Manager, she is not getting any field experience. As an important national conference approaches, the Divisional Manager predictably selects only Meghana as a representative from the office without even informing the other probationers about the opportunity. In the meanwhile Sameer finds out that couple of sexual harassment cases have been filed against the Divisional Manager in the past but no action was taken against him.

        He prods Meghana to register a complaint, but Meghana is reluctant to file it on her own as she fears that it might negatively affect her prospects of full-time employment at the office, she tells Sameer that she will just deal with it for the rest of the probation period: “It's only another three months anyways.”

        What should Sameer do? (20 marks, 250 words)

      2. You are newly posted as a Director of a medical college that has a hospital attached to it. The doctors working in the college are under obligation to serve only in the attached hospital. However, a good number of them practice in private. On inquiry you learn that the hospital does not stock all the required equipment and medicines, hence patients are forced to seek treatment in private. One among the several options available to you to deal with the situation is to suspend those doctors who are violating the rules.

        Discuss in detail the repercussions of such an action. If you do not agree with this option, suggest an alternative action with justification. (20 marks, 250 words)

      12. As a District Superintendent of Police, on your first tour of the main city you see lot of roadside vendors blocking road traffic movement at different places in the city. The situation is particularly serious at the junction between the city's main road connecting the newly formed State Highway that passes bordering the city limits. You also learn that most of the road accidents recorded in the city have occurred at this junction. As you start planning eviction of the roadside vendors, a local leader approaches you with a request to stop the eviction of vendors. He argues that the vending along Highway traffic is a sole sustaining activity of most of the people. If they are evicted, there could be large scale unrest. He emphasizes that these vendors were former workers in the now closed cotton mill of the city and labourers in the fields that were taken over for the construction of the High way road.

      As a responsible and ethical person, you are now debating on how to resolve this issue without affecting the livelihood of the vendor. Describe the options available for you with merits and demerits for each. (20 marks, 250 words) 

       

      1. The safety of women in general has been in focus lately. Despite considerable legal provisions in the law, repeated instances of violence are reported against them on a daily basis. The violence ranges from stalking to sexual abuse, domestic violence to acid attacks. During many prime time discussions, most of the commentators and leaders condemn these attacks and call for strict action against the offenders. However, there are few people who squarely blame the women for these attacks, they argues that women through their lifestyle and dressing style cause to invite offenders upon themselves.

        Please discuss the attitudinal issues involved here and suggest actions to make India a safer place for women. (20 marks, 250 words)

      2. Mrs. Padmaja is an HR Director of a large PSU, that is developing Industrial Parks in the state. The PSU is recruiting engineers for a new project that is about to start in the district. Mr. Ajit Kumar is her nephew (sister's son) and is one of the applicants for the job notified. Mr. Ajit is a graduate from a very prestigious college in the state. He has achieved distinction in his final year exam and he has two years work experience. He is very well qualified for the position announced by the PSU. A day before the scheduled interview day, Mrs. Padmaja, while scrutinizing the applications, happens to see the Ajit’s application in the dossier. She is now confused how to go forward with the interview. She is not able to decide the next course of action. She knows Ajit has his merit and she need not make any concessions or show special considerations towards him.

        If you have to advise Mrs. Padmaja on her next course of action, what would you advise? Please elaborate your advise with justification. (20 marks, 250 words) 

     






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